The High Efficiency Particulate Air, or HEPA, filter, was developed to shield scientists from radiation as they built an atomic bomb during World War II. Today these filters are frequently used in hospitals, science labs and even homes.
HEPA filters are rated to take out 99.97 to 99.99% of particles measuring 0.3 microns and greater. This includes pollen, dirt and dust. A HEPA air cleaner with activated carbon filters can trap chemicals, odors and smoke.
These filters have a MERV rating of 1721, depending on the brand. This rating indicates how well a filter can clear pollutants from the air.
Because of their high-efficiency filtration abilities, HEPA filters are thick and can limit airflow. It’s important to check with McElroy Service Experts Heating & Air Conditioning to verify your heating and cooling system can handle one.
Media air cleaners are denser than basic air filters. They’re often four to five times wider—or more. This barrier mounts tightly against your HVAC system.
Because its operational surface is usually around 10 inches, media filters are able to catch about 95 percent of particulates.
These filters work longer too, usually between three to six months.
There are a couple of electronic filtering systems you can add in your home.
An electrostatic filter uses magnetically charged substance to catch particles. These washable filters are 97 percent effective at extracting tiny particles from your home’s air. Plus, they’re also 30 times more effective than everyday filters.
An electronic air cleaner uses a high-voltage magnetic charge to catch particles.
Some can eliminate the majority of indoor air pollutants—particles, germs, bacteria, chemical odors and vapors—by up to 99.9 percent. And reduce ozone, a known lung irritant, produced elsewhere in your home.